Working together to eliminate ethnic discrimination against the four outcast minority groups in Somaliland



The Republic of Somaliland formerly British Protectorate (Northwest Somalia) declared its independence from united Somalia after the total collapse of Somalia on 18 May 1991 and the country still awaits international recognition. 

The population of Somaliland is estimated at 3 million people according to National statistics figures, Somaliland people settled their internal disputes using traditional peace-building methods and are now rehabilitating and reconstructing their damaged country. 

There is a gradual and steady competitive and democratic political system that began in 2001 with the constitutional referendum, 2002 municipal elections, 2003 presidential election, and 2005 parliament elections, which are all the key political institutions the district councils, the parliament, and the presidency have been subjected to popular vote.

On 29 September 2005 the population of Somaliland elected a new parliament, the total national parliament members of 82 MPs were democratically elected from 246 candidates from three political parties. Unfortunately, there is no single representative from the three outcast minorities (the Goboye, Tumals, and Yibirs)

In Somaliland, where nomadic pastoralist is the dominant way of life and culture, three clan groups of the society are considered minorities (Tumals, Yibirs, and Gaboye) they suffer from low social and economic status and experience segregation within the Somaliland society. 

The communities from the three outcast minorities who are locally called (the Goboye, Tumals, and Yibirs), are politically discriminated, socio-economically segregated, culturally marginalized, and Economically excluded, they face severe tribalism and cultural-based denials of all their basic and fundamental human rights, Such as the exclusion from the political participation, The rigorous poverty among the minority communities leads to low access to information about their political rights, thus often gained through informal paths, such as discussions with community members and leaders, etc.

The residential segregation; combined with the negative practice of clan-based voting and political system in Somaliland make minority communities feel vulnerable in their relation to participation in decision making and links to authorities, because of this situation, many minority communities prefer not to vote at all.

The minority communities are substantially less active in the political decision-making process and remain less likely to vote, which may reflect differences in the distribution of various determinants of their political participation, Referring to international Human Rights protection mechanisms, political participation constitutes an important aspect of minority rights protection, as a consequence, the promotion of minority rights can be supplemented by the concept of political participation as a part of minority rights. 

The realization of a better level of political participation for minorities in Somaliland should be conceived of as an instrument of minority rights protection. 

So the improved chances of political representatives from minority communities as they can successfully partake in the political system of Somaliland is therefore for the interest of Somaliland stability and can be assistance for the provision of political inclusion of minorities, in order to avoid the consequences of exclusion. 

The general public and policymakers should realize that the political participation of minority communities in politics and the Public Life of Somaliland can be an essential component of a peaceful and democratic system in society